Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD): Symptoms, Causes, and Expert Strategies for Eye Comfort Eye Care March 13, 2024

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD): Symptoms, Causes, and Expert Strategies for Eye Comfort

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is a common eye condition affecting the meibomian glands, producing the oily layer of tears essential for maintaining ocular comfort. When these glands malfunction, it can lead to symptoms like irritated eyes, blurred vision, and a gritty sensation.

At Eyeonce Eye Clinic, a renowned center for comprehensive eye care, individuals experiencing symptoms of MGD can find expert assistance. Dr. Paik Dong Won and Jung Sae Rom, distinguished eye care professionals at Eyeonce, specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the meibomian glands, including MGD.

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Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) can be attributed to various causes, and understanding these factors is crucial for effective management. Here are some common causes of MGD:

  • Age – Aging is a significant factor contributing to MGD. As individuals age, the meibomian glands may become less efficient, leading to dysfunction.
  • Environmental Conditions – External factors, such as air quality and exposure to digital screens, can impact meibomian gland function. Our ophthalmologists at Eyeonce emphasize the importance of addressing environmental contributors to ensure optimal eye health.
  • Medical Conditions – Certain medical conditions, including autoimmune diseases and hormonal changes, can influence the functioning of the meibomian glands. Eye care professionals at Eyeonce assess patients comprehensively to understand these underlying health factors.
  • Eyelid Anatomy – Structural issues with the eyelids can obstruct the proper functioning of the meibomian glands, contributing to dysfunction. Eyeonce provides thorough evaluations to identify any anatomical factors affecting the glands.
  • Lifestyle Factors – Unhealthy lifestyle habits, such as poor diet and inadequate hydration, can impact overall eye health, including the function of the meibomian glands. This is why our eye doctors at Eyeonce provide proper education to our patients on adopting a holistic approach to eye care, including lifestyle modifications.
  • Digital Eyestrain – In our technology-driven age, prolonged screen time can contribute to MGD. The specialists at Eyeonce Eye Clinic offer guidance on minimizing digital eyestrain through effective strategies.

At Eyeonce, the emphasis is not only on diagnosing and treating Meibomian Glad Dysfunction but also on addressing the underlying causes. Dr. Paik Dong Won and Jung Sae Rom work collaboratively to provide personalized care, ensuring patients receive comprehensive solutions tailored to their unique circumstances. If you suspect MGD or are experiencing symptoms, a visit to Eyeonce Eye Clinic can uncover the causes and set you on the path to clearer, more comfortable vision.


Recognizing the symptoms of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is crucial for seeking timely and effective treatment. Individuals experiencing the following symptoms should consider a consultation:

  • Irritated Eyes – MGD often manifests as persistent eye irritation, a sensation that can range from mild discomfort to more pronounced itching or burning. 
  • Excessive Tearing – Paradoxically, one of the symptoms of MGD is excessive tearing. When the meibomian glands fail to produce an adequate oily layer, tears evaporate too quickly, causing the eyes to compensate with increased tearing.
  • Blurred Vision – Blurred vision is a common consequence of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction. The compromised quality of tears can lead to inconsistent lubrication of the eyes, resulting in temporary visual disturbances.
  • Gritty Sensation – Individuals with MGD often report a gritty or foreign body sensation in their eyes. This discomfort can be persistent and may indicate an underlying issue with the meibomian glands.
  • Sensitivity to Light – Light sensitivity or photophobia can be associated with MGD. The compromised tear film may make the eyes more susceptible to discomfort in brightly lit environments.

Eyeonce’s experienced team led by Dr. Paik Dong Won and Jung Sae Rom understands the impact of these symptoms on daily life and vision. Their approach involves a thorough examination to accurately diagnose MGD and develop personalized treatment plans.

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Diagnosis and Treatment

Here is the diagnosis and treatment process for MGD at Eyeonce Eye Clinic:


  • Symptom Assessment – A comprehensive examination begins with an in-depth evaluation of symptoms, including eye irritation, tearing, blurred vision, and a gritty sensation.
  • Meibomian Gland Expression – Eye care professionals, such as those at Eyeonce, may perform meibomian gland expression, a procedure to assess the quality and quantity of gland secretions.
  • Tear Film Analysis – Examination of the tear film helps identify irregularities, shedding light on the effectiveness of tear production and the role of meibomian glands.

Ocular Surface Evaluation – Specialized tests examine the health of the ocular surface, helping to identify any complications or damage resulting from Meibomian Gland Dysfunction.


  • Warm compresses – Applying warm compresses to the eyes helps liquefy the thickened oil in the meibomian glands, promoting a smoother flow of olds onto the eye’s surface.
  • Lid Hygiene – Proper lid hygiene involves gentle cleansing of the eyelids to remove debris and bacteria, preventing blockages of the meibomian glands.
  • Prescription Medications – In cases where MGD is more severe, eye care professionals may prescribe medications such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs to address underlying issues.
  • Lifestyle Modifications – Encouraging lifestyle changes, including a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids, staying hydrated, and reducing screen time, can positively impact meibomian gland function.
  • Blink Training – Blinking exercises can be recommended to improve tear distribution and reduce the risk of evaporative dry eye associated with MGD.
  • Artificial Tears and Lubricants – Using artificial tears and lubricating eye drops can help manage symptoms by providing additional moisture in the eyes.
  • In-Office Procedures – Advanced treatments like LipiFlow® or intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy may be offered by specialized clinics such as Eyeonce Eye Clinic to address more persistent cases of MGD.

Follow-up Care – Regular follow-up appointments are crucial to monitor progress, adjust treatment plans as needed, and ensure the ongoing health of the meibomian glands.

Why choose Eyeonce Eye Clinic Gangnam for MGD treatment?

Utmost Patient Care

Our eye care professionals and staff ensure to give you your money’s worth. We guarantee you receive the best medication possible and assure you that you are guided and understood, making you feel comfortable and confident at every step. 

Comprehensive Consultation

Eyeonce Eye Clinic offers comprehensive eye examinations to evaluate your condition and determine the best eye strain treatment. Our ophthalmologists take their time to cater to your questions and address your concerns, ensuring you make an informed decision about our vision correction options.

Expert Eye Doctors

Our ophthalmologists, Head Director Dr. Paik Dong Won and Medical Director Dr. Jung Sae Rom, are highly knowledgeable and adept in treating eye strain. They always use the latest techniques and technologies to ensure optimal results.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Symptoms may include irritated eyes, blurred vision, excessive tearing, and a gritty sensation.

While it may be fully curable, effective management strategies exist to control symptoms and improve overall eye health.

Yes, the risk of MGD increases with age, highlighting the importance of regular eye check-ups, especially for seniors.


Understanding and addressing conditions like Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) are paramount for maintaining clear and comfortable vision. As we have explored the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options for MGD in this article, it becomes evident that a proactive approach to eye care is essential. Do not let discomfort caused by Meibomian Gland Dysfunction compromise your vision and well-being. Book an appointment with Dr. Paik Dong Won and Dr. Jung Sae Rom now!