Retinitis Pigmentosa Symptoms: What to Look Out for Eye Care March 7, 2024

Retinitis Pigmentosa Symptoms: What to Look Out for

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a term used to describe a group of inherited eye diseases (IRDs) that affect the retina, leading to a gradual loss of vision over time. The progressive degeneration of the retina characterizes RP and manifests in adolescence or early adulthood. 

Individuals with untreated retinitis pigmentosa may experience gradual and progressive deterioration of their vision over time. It is highly advisable to seek immediate medical attention from an experienced eye doctor such as Dr. Paik Dong Won or Dr. Jung Sae Rom from Eyeonce Eye Clinic. They stand out as a premier for RP treatment for several compelling reasons, not to mention their customized treatment options and state-of-the-art equipment.

About Us

Causes and Risk Factors

Retinitis pigmentosa is a complex genetic disorder that can be caused by various factors such as:


  • Genetic mutations – More than 100 genes have been linked to RP, and mutations in these genes can disrupt the normal function of retinal cells, leading to degeneration over time.
  • Inheritance patterns – Retinitis can be inherited in these ways:
  • Autosomal dominant – A single mutated gene from one parent can cause the disorder.
  • Autosomal recessive – Both parents carry a mutated gene, and the child inherits two copies, leading to the development of retinitis pigmentosa.
  • X-linked – The mutated gene is located on the X-chromosome, causing a higher prevalence in males.

Spontaneous mutations – In some cases, RP can occur due to spontaneous genetic mutations not inherited from parents.

Risk factors

  • Age – Retinitis pigmentosa typically manifests during adolescence or early adulthood; however, the age of onset can vary based on the genetic mutation and inheritance patterns involved.
  • Gender – RP is more widespread among males. Females can be carriers of the mutated gene without experiencing the full effects of the disorder.
  • Consanguinity – Marriages between close relatives can increase the risk of passing on genetic mutations associated with retinitis pigmentosa.
  • Ethnicity – Certain genetic mutations linked to RP may be more prevalent in specific ethnic groups such as European, Hispanic, and Jewish.
  • Environmental factors – While retinitis pigmentosa is primarily due to genetic mutations, certain environmental factors, such as exposure to bright light without proper protection, can play a role in RP progression.
  • Additional medical conditions – Some medical conditions, such as Usher syndrome or Bardet-Biedl syndrome, can be linked to RP as part of a broader clinical spectrum.

It is important to note that retinitis pigmentosa is a heterogeneous disorder, meaning there is a significant variation in its genetic causes, inheritance patterns, and clinical manifestations. That is why early diagnosis and regular eye examinations from Eyeonce Eye Clinic’s eye doctors are crucial for appropriate treatment. 


Book an Appointment


The symptoms of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) typically develop gradually and worsen over time, which include:

  • Night blindness – Individuals may find navigating in dimly lit environments challenging and may experience increased stumbling or tripping.
  • Peripheral vision loss – PR often leads to the gradual loss of peripheral (side) vision. It can result in a sensation of looking through a tunnel, known as tunnel vision. Peripheral vision loss can impact the ability to detect objects or movement from the sides.
  • Difficulty with dark adaptation – People with RP may have prolonged difficulties adapting to changes in lightning. Moving from a well-lit area to a darker one may require more time for their eyes to adjust.
  • Central vision impairment – As RP progresses, it can affect central vision, which is crucial for reading, recognizing faces, and seeing and finding details. It can impact daily tasks that require sharp and clear vision.
  • Color vision changes – Some individuals with RP may experience changes in color perception. They might have difficulty distinguishing between specific colors or noticing subtle color differences.
  • Photophobia – Increased sensitivity to light (photophobia) is common in RP, leading individuals to squint or shield their eyes.
  • Difficulty with depth perception – The loss of peripheral and central vision can affect depth perception, making it harder to judge distances accurately.
  • Blurred vision – Blurred vision can occur as retinitis pigmentosa progresses, further impeding tasks that require clear visual acuity.
  • Visual distortions – Some individuals with RP might experience visual distortions, such as straight lines appearing wavy or distorted.

RP’s progression and severity of symptoms can vary widely among individuals. If you or someone you know is experiencing vision changes, it is crucial to consult with an eye care professional from Eyeonce Eye Clinic; they are known in South Korea as one of the leading eye centers that deliver accurate diagnosis and appropriate management for retinitis pigmentosa.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Remember that diagnosing and treating retinitis pigmentosa requires a comprehensive approach that considers the specific needs of each individual.


  • Comprehensive Eye Examination – At Eyeonce, our ophthalmologists usually begin diagnosing RP through a comprehensive eye exam, which includes visual acuity, visual field, color vision, and contrast sensitivity.
  • Genetic testing – This is crucial for diagnosing RP, as the condition has a strong genetic basis. Eyeonce offers advanced genetic testing to identify specific gene mutations associated with RP.
  • Electroretinography (ERG) – ERG measures the electrical responses of the retina to light stimulation. ERG helps determine the functioning of retinal cells and can aid in diagnosing RP.

Visual field testing – The visual field assesses the extent and severity of peripheral vision loss, a hallmark symptom of RP. Eyeonce utilizes advanced visual field-testing techniques for accurate assessment.


Treatment Options

Most of the treatments for Hyperopia aim to correct the refractive error and provide clear vision at all distances. Here at Eyeonce Eye Clinic, we offer several treatment options that are tailored depending on the severity of your Hyperopia, individual preferences, and overall eye health like the following:

  • Prescription glasses – These are the simplest and most common way to correct farsightedness. Convex lenses in glasses bend light rays before they reach the eyes, compensating for the shorter eyeball length and improving near vision.
  • Contact lenses – They can be an excellent alternative to glasses since they have convex surfaces that refract light, enabling clear vision. Contact lenses can provide a wider field of view compared to glasses. 
  • Refractive surgeries – Eyeonce Eye Clinic prides itself on performing LASIK and LASEK surgeries that help address Hyperopia. These refractive surgeries reshape the cornea, changing its curvature to correct refractive error.

If you want to learn which treatment option best suits your needs, book a consultation with our expert eye care professionals at Eyeonce Eye Clinic. 

Vision correction:

Why choose Eyeonce Eye Clinic Gangnam for retinitis pigmentosa treatment?

Utmost Patient Care

Our eye care professionals and staff ensure to give you your money’s worth. We guarantee you receive the best medication possible and assure you that you are guided and understood, making you feel comfortable and confident at every step. 

Comprehensive Consultation

Eyeonce Eye Clinic offers comprehensive eye examinations to evaluate your condition and determine the best eye strain treatment. Our ophthalmologists take their time to cater to your questions and address your concerns, ensuring you make an informed decision about our vision correction options.

Expert Eye Doctors

Our ophthalmologists, Head Director Dr. Paik Dong Won and Medical Director Dr. Jung Sae Rom, are highly knowledgeable and adept in treating eye strain. They always use the latest techniques and technologies to ensure optimal results.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Yes, Hyperopia can worsen over time. Visiting your eye care professional for immediate intervention and proper treatment is highly advisable to avoid worsening your condition.

Yes, especially in mild cases. Some individuals may experience Hyperopia without significant blurriness or discomfort. That is, having regular eye examinations is crucial to detect farsightedness, even if you do not perceive any visual issues. Book an appointment now!

Remember that every individual’s eyesight is unique, and it is essential to consult an eye doctor to determine the best treatment option for Hyperopia that best suits your needs


Amidst the challenges imposed by retinitis pigmentosa, there is hope. Eyeonce Eye Clinic, with its expertise, cutting-edge technology, and patient-centered care, stands as a hope for progress in managing RP. Book an appointment with our ophthalmologists today!