Understanding Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye): What You Need To Know Eye Care January 9, 2024

Understanding Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye): What You Need To Know

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, refers to the inflammation of the conjunctiva—the thin, transparent layer covering the eye’s white areas and the eyelids’ inner surfaces. When the small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become irritated, they become noticeable. This phenomenon gives rise to the reddish and pinkish color in the eye’s white portions.

Untreated conjunctivitis may lead to a range of potentially serious eye conditions, such as infection spread, vision problems, persistent discomfort, and more. One reliable solution to manage pink eye is to visit a reliable eye doctor like Dr. Paik Dong Won or Dr. Jung Sae Rom from Eyeonce Eye Clinic, whose expertise in addressing pink eye is incomparable.

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Types and Causes

Viral Conjunctivitis

This conjunctivitis is usually caused by viruses like adenoviruses—a group of common viruses that affect the lining of the eyes, airways, lungs, etc. It is highly contagious and may spread through contact with infected eye secretions or touching contaminated surfaces. Viral conjunctivitis is characterized by redness, watery discharge, discomfort, and cold-like symptoms.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis is often caused by bacteria such as staphylococci and streptococci. The same is true for viral conjunctivitis; it is also contagious and may spread through direct contact or sharing items like makeup or towels. Bacterial conjunctivitis may result in symptoms like redness, thick yellow or green discharge, and crusting of eyelashes after waking up.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

This type of conjunctivitis is caused by allergens like pet dander, pollens, dust mites, or particular eye drops. Unlike the other types of pink eye, allergic conjunctivitis is non-contagious and is characterized by itching, redness, and watering of the eyes.

Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis

It is often associated with prolonged use of contact lenses. It is presented by itching, discomfort, excessive mucus production, and the formation of small bumps on the inner surface of the eyelids.

Chemical Conjunctivitis

Chemical conjunctivitis is exposure to certain irritants like smoke, chemicals, or fumes, causing redness, watering, and a burning sensation in the eyes.

Ophthalmia Neonatorum Conjunctivitis

This type of conjunctivitis is common among newborns. It occurs when infants become exposed to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Also known as neonatal conjunctivitis, ophthalmia neonatorum conjunctivitis is a severe condition that could lead to permanent eye damage if untreated.

It is essential to learn the different types of pink eye to aid in accurate diagnosis and treatment. If you are experiencing any symptoms of conjunctivitis, seek timely consultation with a trusted eye clinic such as Eyeonce. You are in good hands with our personalized treatment options, cutting-edge eye equipment, and expert eye care professionals.

Symptoms

The symptoms of conjunctivitis may vary depending on the cause, but generally include:

  • Redness
  • Itchiness
  • Tearing or thick, watery discharge (pus or mucus)   
  • Grittiness or foreign body sensation
  • Swelling
  • Sensitivity to lights (Photophobia)
  • Crusty eyelids
  • Blurry vision
  • Swollen eyelids

It is crucial to note that while these are common symptoms of conjunctivitis, a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment should be determined by an eye doctor. If you or someone you know experiences these symptoms, consult with Eyeonce Eye Clinic’s eye care professionals for timely intervention.

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Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing and treating conjunctivitis involves:

  • A combination of medical assessment.
  • Identifying underlying causes.
  • Implementing appropriate measures to alleviate symptoms and promote healing.

Here is a comprehensive breakdown of the whole process:

Diagnosis

  • Comprehensive medical examination It involves inspecting the eyes, eyelids, and surrounding areas for signs of redness, discharge, and inflammation.
  • Medical history Our eye care professionals at Eyeonce will inquire about your medical history, recent exposure to allergens, previous eye conditions, and any associated symptoms. 
  • Symptom assessment Our eye doctors will thoroughly assess and consider any symptoms the patient manifests, such as redness, itching, discharge, and discomfort.
  • Laboratory tests In cases where bacteria are suspected, the doctor may collect a sample of eye discharge for laboratory analysis to determine the specific bacteria causing the infection.

Treatment

  • Allergic Conjunctivitis – Eyeonce suggests removing or avoiding the possible irritant for this type of conjunctivitis. In mild cases, cool compresses and artificial tears may be necessary to relieve discomfort. Our eye doctors may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antihistamines, or topical steroid eye drops in more severe cases.
  • Infectious conjunctivitis – Though this conjunctivitis may resolve or improve after three or four days of treatment, our ophthalmologists at Eyeonce recommend treating infectious conjunctivitis with antibiotic eye drops, ointments, or topical steroid drops to reduce the discomfort from inflammation.
  • Chemical conjunctivitis – Individuals with chemical conjunctivitis may also need topical steroids or artificial tears to relieve discomfort and flush out irritants. If the irritation persists, seeking medical attention is recommended before the condition becomes uncontrolled.

Treatment for conjunctivitis varies depending on the type; moreover, immediate medical intervention has to be emphasized especially when symptoms persevere. Whether dealing with conjunctivitis, you can rely on Eyeonce Eye Clinic to deliver comprehensive, family-like care.

Why choose Eyeonce Eye Clinic Gangnam for conjunctivitis treatment?

Utmost Patient Care

Our eye care professionals and staff ensure to give you your money’s worth. We guarantee you receive the best medication possible and assure you that you are guided and understood, making you feel comfortable and confident at every step. 

Comprehensive Consultation

Eyeonce Eye Clinic offers comprehensive eye examinations to evaluate your condition and determine the best conjunctivitis treatment. Our ophthalmologists take their time to cater to your questions and address your concerns, ensuring you make an informed decision about our vision correction options.

Expert Eye Doctors

Our ophthalmologists, Head Director Dr. Paik Dong Won and Medical Director Dr. Jung Sae Rom, are highly knowledgeable and adept in treating conjunctivitis. They always use the latest techniques and technologies to ensure optimal results.

Why choose Eyeonce Eye Clinic Gangnam for chalazion treatment?

Utmost Patient Care

Our eye care professionals and staff ensure to give you your money’s worth. We guarantee you receive the best medication possible and assure you that you are guided and understood, making you feel comfortable and confident at every step. 

Comprehensive Consultation

Eyeonce Eye Clinic offers comprehensive eye examinations to evaluate your condition and determine the best chalazion treatment. Our ophthalmologists take their time to cater to your questions and address your concerns, ensuring you make an informed decision about our vision correction options.

Expert Eye Doctors

Our ophthalmologists, Head Director Dr. Paik Dong Won and Medical Director Dr. Jung Sae Rom, are highly knowledgeable and adept in treating chalazion. They always use the latest techniques and technologies to ensure optimal results.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

In most cases, the pink eye does not lead to permanent vision loss; however, severe infections can affect vision temporarily.

It is best to avoid wearing contact lenses until the infection subsides. Consider wearing it for the time being.

While mild causes may improve with home care, it is essential to consult an eye doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Conclusion

Conjunctivitis is a treatable condition that can be managed effectively with proper care and medical intervention. Eyeonce Eye Clinic is a beacon of trust and expertise for those seeking expert guidance and reliable treatment options. Book an appointment with our eye doctors and take the first step toward relieving your pink eye symptoms.

For patients who have had treatment
with us in the past, anyone you refer will get their eye exam for free (value 200 000KRW) and a loyalty discount